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Dzhonatan Svift



Rodilsya 30 noyabrya 1667 goda v Dubline, uchilsya v dublinskom Triniti-kolledzhe, v 1689 godu poluchil mesto literaturnogo sekretarya u angliyskogo diplomata i pisatelya se'ra Uil'yama Templa. Otnosheniya s Templom u Svifta ne slozhilis', i v 1694 godu on vozvratilsya v Irlandiyu i prinyal posvyaschenie v san. Dva goda spustya Templ poprosil svoego sekretarya vernut'sya, i Svift provel s nim tri goda, s 1696 po 1699, vplot' do smerti diplomata. Za e'to vremya on prochel mnozhestvo knig i poproboval sobstvennye sily v sochinitel'stve.

Sredi rannih proizvedeniy Svifta - burlesk "Bitva knizhek" (1697), a takzhe znamenitaya "Skazka o bochke" (1704), publikaciya kotoroy stoila emu mesta vikariya v odnoy iz angliyskih cnerkvey.

V dal'neyshem Svift aktivno uchastvoval v politicheskoy polemike, podderzhivaya partiyu tori i osypaya nasmeshkami vigov so stranic zhurnala "E'kzaminer". V 1710 godu on nachal vesti "Dnevnik dlya Stelly" (pod imenem Stelly Svift vyvel svoyu vozlyublennuyu E'ster Dzhonson, padchericu Templa). V 1713 godu Svift poluchil mesto nastoyatelya sobora Svyatogo Patrika v Dubline. Pol'zuyas' svoim dovol'no vysokim polozheniem, on vsyacheski staralsya zaschitit' irlandcev ot pritesneniy angliyskoy korony. V 1729 godu on opublikovan pamflet "Skromnoe predlozhenie", v kotorom ironicheski predlagal irlandskim bednyakam prodavat' svoih detey v pischu bogacham, chtoby hot' tak zarabotat' na zhizn'.

A za tri goda do e'togo Svift izdal svoy shedevr - satiru v forme avantyurnogo romana "Puteshestviya Lemyue'la Gullivera, snachala hirurga, a potom kapitana neskol'kih korabley". E'ta kniga uzhe davno utratila svoyu zlobodnevnost' i po pravu schitaetsya odnim iz klassicheskih proizvedeniy detskoy literatury.

Poslednie gody zhizni Svifta byli otravleny strahom pered podstupayuschim bezumiem. Zatyazhnoy period umstvennogo rasstroystva oborvalsya 19 oktyabrya 1745 goda, kogda Svifta ne stalo. Ego pohoronili u sten sobora Svyatogo Patrika. Na nadgrobii napisano: "Zdes' pokoitsya prah Dzhonatana Svifta, nastoyatelya e'togo sobora... Stupay s mirom, putnik, i pytaysya, esli smozhesh',byt' kak on, priverzhennym svobode".

wiki: Dzhonatan Svift
Puteshestvie Gullivera v Brobdingeng (audiobook CD) - Dzhonatan Svift, Anna Kamenkova, Lyudmila Shaposhnikova, Valentin Gaft, Evgeniy Vesnik Audiobooks

Dzhonatan Svift, Anna Kamenkova, Lyudmila Shaposhnikova, Valentin Gaft, Evgeniy Vesnik

"Puteshestvie Gullivera v Brobdingeng (audiobook CD)"

Predstavlyaem Vam prekrasnoe proizvedenie klassiki zarubezhnoy literatury v formate audioknigi. Vyshedshee v pechat v 1726 godu pervoe izdanie "Puteshestviya Gullivera" stalo vershinoy tvorchestva Svifta. Proizvedenie perenosit nas v zanimatelnyy mir ...

€ 7,99



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